Diary of Elizabeth Drinker: 1777

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    Elizabeth Drinker was a Quaker who lived in Philadelphia during the American Revolution.  One of the central doctrines of the Society Of Friends (Quakers) is pacifism, so she and her family were opposed to the war, regardless of the politics of the time.  Because the old adage, "if you're not for us, you're against us," was as true then as in other revolutions, Drinker and other Quakers were seen as traitors by both the Americans and the British.  Parts of her diary for 1777 are reproduced below.  This was a trying year for Philadelphia Quakers as they were persecuted first by the American patriots, with Drinker's husband and other prominent Quaker men being rounded up and march away to prison, and later, after Washington failed to protect the city from British conquest, by British soldiers and officers.  The year began with Drinker largely ignoring the events of war and ended with her being forced to quarter a British officer in her house.  Drinker's husband returned home April 30, 1778 and the British withdrew from Philadelphia in June, 1778.

1. What does Drinker think about the American Revolution?  Does she seem to favor either side?   Does she think about it much before events force her to do so (cf. July 4)?

2. What personal and family strains does she face during the year?  How do they interact with external pressures from the war?

3. How do Drinker's attitudes compare with Abigail Adams's?  Is she also forced to accept new roles for a woman?

4. Note how the complexity and content of her diary change suddenly in September.  Why might this be so?

5. What gives her the courage to manage in a very difficult time?

6. Would Drinker have approved in 1791 of the Third Amendment in the Bill of Rights, addressing the topic of quartering troops?

Note: Much of Drinker's diary includes details on her social and religious life in Philadelphia.  I have included some of these remarks to provide a sense of the whole diary, but have omitted some to keep the reading easier to understand.  Spelling has been left as in the original.  Source:  The Diary of Elizabeth Drinker, Elaine Crane, editor, (Boston, 1991), vol. 1, 222-271.

Part I: January 1 to September 30, 1777

1777 Janry. 25. We had 5 American Soliders quartered upon us by order of the Counsel of Safty the Soliders named Adam Wise, Henry Feating, these two stay'd 2 or 3 days with us, the rest went of in an hour or two after they came.

Janry.28. sister went this Afternoon to the Burial of Jane Hodge Senr.

Janry.31. Capt. Vollans call'd to inform of the Death of Capt. Spain.

Febry. 1. HD. went this Afternoon to the Funeral of Hannah Logan.

Febry.2. HD. David Bacon &c went to Gloster, to visit: Mark Miller & Thos. Redman, who are confin'd in the Jail; for reading a Testimony from the meeting for Sufferings, and refusing to take the Test propos'd them.

1777. Febry.10 second day. HD and J Drinker left home after Breakfast for Atsion.

1777. Febry 10 HD left home with JD-tax geather'r call'd-Wm. Piatt- Henry Drinker Hannah Drinker. Betsy Hough, H. Baker slep't here.

11-T. Scattergood, A James, call'd Sally Zane din'd here-Joshua Howell call'd with M WaIn cirtificat-Henry Drinker-Jacob Evans drank coffe with us-Harry wated up on the Weding-S Emlen here this Evening.

11 Charles Mifflin and Polly WaIn were this day married-Harry tends table at the Wedding-HD return'd the 15th.

12. spent this Afternoon at S Pleasants who lays in with her Daughter . Elizth. James Logon here this Afternoon.

13. Snow to day, Reba. Waln here-Cadr. Evans call'd.

14 Abel James call'd, Becky James junr. Richd. Brown-Snow a foot deep. 

Febry. 17 Betsy Waln and her Daughter Polly stay'd all night with us.

Febry.28. Nancy went home with Betsy Waln, her Daughter Polly &c in a Sleigh to Walnford-sixth Day Janny Boon went this Afternoon in a Boat to Visit her Aunt at Wilmington Janey return'd the 12th March Nancy return'd March 21.

March 5. Thos. Wharton, was proclaimed; Esqr. , President of the Supreme Executive Council of the commonwealth of Pennsylvania Capt. General and Commander in Chief in and over the same-some call him Governour.

March the 8. Brint Debades, an American Soldier, was Shot upon the Commons, of this City --a City heretofore clear of such Business. 1777 March 18. HD. and Billy left home after dinner in the Chaise, intending for R. Walns to bring our Daughter Nancy home-they return'd with Nancy the 21.

1777 March the 18. HD. and Billy left home intending for B Waln's, to bring Nancy home after they were gone we received a Letter from Nancy another from E. Penington-J Drinker call'd MS. ED. SD. spent this Afternoon at Becky and Hannahs.

19. Saml. Simpson call'd on account of S. Harold, Oliver [ ]oland, cal1'd, Robt. Willis call'd John Drinker, D. Drinker took the Horse Reba. Walln here in the Evening.


March 22. HD. was let Blood.

March a Young Man of the Name of Molsworth was hang'd on the Commons by order of our present ruling Gentr'y.

March Polly Drinker came, went away in a few days.

March Our little Henry was run over by a Horse in the Street, his Knee was Brused, but not meterially hurt.

April 12 Bill Gardiner push'd little Henry of a Carpenters Bench, in Carlilse's Shop, and hurt his arm very much-we sent for Docr. Redman who after examineing it, found the Bones were not broak but the Arm badly strain'd.

April 15 HD. left home after dinner with John Salter for the Jersey; return'd the [ ].

1777 May 5. Nany Oat went this Evening off to her Fathers.

May 6. HD. left home after Dinner, intending to accompany our Friends John Pemberton and S Emlen part of the Way on their Journey towards N. Carolina &c Sammy Fisher Rumford Daws, G. Napper and [1] Richardson went with them.

the 7th. little Jacob Howell was buried-HD return'd the 13th third day.

May 21 fourth Day HD. and Billy went to Frankford HD left Billy at Neigr. James, and went to Moorestown, return'd home Billy with him the 23 sixth Day.

May 29 fifth day-HD. left home this Morning for Egg-Harbor-he return'd June 2d-Second day.

June the 3 ED. and SD. went to the Burial of our Antient Fr'd Mary Emlen.

June the 5 an Officer with 2 Constables call'd on us for Blankets, went away without any as others had done 3 or 4 times before.

1777 July 4 the Town Illuminated and a great number of Windows Broke on the Anniversary of Independence and Freedom.

July 7. this is the seventh day of the seventh month. 1777.

July 27. First Day-Evening between 9 & 10 o'clock, was seen by many, a Strange appearance in the Sky of Streamers, moveing in regular order, from the East to Westward.

July 31, an account of a large Fleet being within our Capes, they disapear'd the next day.

Augt. 10. First Day Morning HD and John Perish gone to Merrion Meeting they intend tomorrow to Concord quarter return'd the 12. 

Augt. 14. We arose this Morning between 4 and 5. HD. and S Emlen left us about 5 cross'd the up town Ferry, intending for Burlington, on their way to Rawsy Genl. meeting, the weather very hot. Thos. Fisher confin'd in the Jerseys-Catty Howell brought to Bed with her Son-fifth Day HD and return'd the 22.

Augt. 20 or 21 our dear little Henry was taken ill with a vomiting and disordred Bowels, occasion'd by eating watermellon too close to the Rine-he voided in the course of his Sickness, (which turnd out to be an inviterate Bloody and white Flux) 3 large Worms, and vomited one alive for 12 Days he eat nothing-and is now Sepr. the 6 in a very poor way, reduced almost to a Skelaton with a constant fever hanging about him, tho' the disorder seems to be somewhat check'd, and he has an appetite in the Morning-he has taken 8 Clysters and many doses of Physick his Body comes down and he is so weak that he cannot sit up alone.

Some day since the illness of our Child, we had a valuable pair of large End- Irons seazed and taken from us, by Philip Mause.

1777 Sepr. the 2  third Day-HD. having been, and continuing to be unwell, stay'd from meeting this morning he went towards Noon into the front Parlor to copy the Monthly meeting minuit& the Book on the Desk-and the Desk unlock'd, when Wm. Bradford; one [Bluser] and Ervin, entred, offering a Parole for him to sign-which was refus'd. they then seiz'd on the Book and took several papers out of the Desk and carried them off; intimating their design of calling the next morning at 9 o'clock; and desireing HD to stay at home for that time, which as he was unwell, was necessary; they according calld the 4th, in the morning and took my Henry to the (Massons) lodge in an illegeal, unpredesented manner-where are several, other Friends with some of other proswasions, made prisoners; Isreal Pemberton, John Hunt, James Pemberton, John Pemberton, Henry Drinker, Saml. Pleasants, Thos. Fisher, Saml. Fisher, Thos. Gillpin, Edward Penington; Thos. Wharton, Charles Jervis, Ellijah Brown, Thos. Afflick, Phineas Bond, Wm. Pike, Mires Fisher, Charles Eddy, Wm. Smith, Broker Wm. D Smith, Thos. Comb, &c I went this Even'g to see my HD. where I mett with the Wives & Children of our dear Friends and other visitors in great numbers upwards of 20 of our Friends call'd to see us this Day my little Henry very low and Feverish.

5 went again to the lodge, myself, Sister and the Children, at different times Rachel Drinker spent the Day with us a day of great distress it has been to me.

6 HD. Breakfasted with us, but left us soon after we visited him as usual at the Lodge; several Friends here to day.

7th. First Day [Sunday was first day to the Quakers]-received a note this Morning from my dear Henry desireing as the others have done, that we would not visit them untill the close of the Afternoon meeting-wishing to have this day more particularly to themselves, in stillness. R. Scattergood R Jones, Docr. Redman call'd this Morning I gave little Henry a Clyster he is very unwell, tho' the Doctor says he is mending S Swett, H Drinker, here, H. Morris, D. Morris, John Foreman,J. Parish, and E Drinker drank tea, with us- I went this Evening to the lodge and found my Henry in good Spirits Came home after night, John Drinker, Rachel Drinker, Hannah Elfreth, R. Waln, H Catheral here this Evening H Sansom call'd-H Drinker sleeps here.

8th. my little Henry very unwell this Day could not go to see his Daddy untill the Afternoon, who I found with the other Friends pretty well they have sent several Remonsterances to the Congress and Consel, the latter of which, have this afternoon turn'd them over to the Congress, they know not what they'd be at. gave the Child another Clyster this Evening his Disorder continues, with a Constant Fever, he's in a state greatly reduc'd, and has no signs of amendment but a desire for Food, which 'till lately has not been the case-Nancy unwell with disordred Bowels, ! have given her Rheubarb. John Drinker, Rachel Drinker, Hannah Sansom, Polly Story, S. Swett, R. Scatter good, Josa. Howell, G. Oat, Charles West, T. Masterman, [S] Logan, Danl. Drinker, Docr. Redman, R Say. Huldah Mott, S. Hartshorn-here this Day.

9 Our poor Child after a bad Night, is very low this Morning. very frequent calls to the Pot with fluxey stools,-Sent Billy to the lodge to enquire after his dear Daddys Health he found him well-James Thornton, John Parish, Becky Jones, John Drinker, Jos. Bowel, Docr. Redman here this Morning Margary Norton, Molly Foulk, Sarah Fisher, Becky Scatergood, call'd after Meeting. My self Sally and little Molly went this Afternoon to the Lodge, during my stay there, word was brought from the Conscil that their Banishment was concluded to be on the Morrow, the Waggons were preparing to carry them off- I came home in great distress, and after doing the necessary for the Child went back near 10 at Night, found the Prisoners finishing a Protest against the Tyrannical conduct of the Present wicked rulers. R Wain, H Catheral A Parish J Drinker, Doctor, &c here-'tis now near 11 o'clock, I have just heard a cannon go off.

10th. Our dear Friends continue still at the Lodge-I was there twice to day-the time for their going off is say'd to be tommorrow. at 9 o'clock-My dear Henry spent this Afternoon Evening and stay'd all Night with us-- numbers of our Friends here! gave the Child a Clyster is has a constant Fever, I cant help being happrehensive of his falling into a Consumption.

11 The sending off our Friends is put of till 3 this Afternoon, they find it difficult to procure Waggons and Men-My Henry Breakfasted with us; then went to the Lodge. went there about 10 o'clock, R Drinker with me, step'd over to S. Pleasants, then back to the Lodge HD-not there when! return'd- the Town is in great Confusion at present a great fireing heard below [the Battle of Brandywine] it is supos'd the Armies are Engag'd, 'tis also reported that several Men of War are [ ] up the River-Jos. Howell, R. Scattergood, S Swett, R Drinker &c here this Morning.-Some time after dinner Harry came in a hurry for his Master Horse for a Servent to ride, informing me that the waggons were waiting at the Lodge to take our dear Friends away. I quickly went there; and as quickly came away finding great a number of People there but few women, bid my dearest Husband farewell, and went in great distress to James Pembertons, Sally with me the waggons drove of about 6 o'clock and I came home at Dusk-S Emlen and wife, R Jones, H Catheral, M Smith, S Swett, R Wain, Patty Smith, Abel James Jos. Howell; J Drinker, D Drinker, Doctor with others here this day. I wrote a Letter this Evening to my dear, to sent by a Man from Gillpins in the Morning.

12 the Letter I wrote last Evening mist of the intended oppertunity, but went by another hand; received a Letter from my HD, this Morning which afford'd me great Comfort, JD, wrote to him-this has been a day of Great Confusion to many in this City; which I have in great measure been kept out of by my constant attension on my sick Child. part of Washingtons Army has been routed, and have been seen coming into Town in Great Numbers; the perticulars of the Battle, I have not attended to, the slain is said to be very numerous. hundreds of their muskets laying in the road, which those that made off have thrown down-I was a little fluttred this Afternoon by hearing a Drum stop at our Door and a hard knocking succeed; it proved to be, men with orders for HD to appear or find a Substitute-there has been a meeting this Afternoon at the State-House, on what Account I know not-'tis suppos'd that Washington is in Town this Evening-the Wounded have been brought in this Afternoon, to what amount I have not learnt. call'd to see us J Drinker and Wife DD. & Wife R Wain & Wife, Wm. Redwood, C. West Dr. Hutchins, Jos. Howell, Dr. Redman, H Sansom, Neigr. Stiles, R. Jones, Wm. Norton, A Parish, Isaac Foster, S Swett, H. Elfreth, S. Fisher, R. Scatter good, E. Scattergood, Sucky Hartshorn-I, understand that our dear Friends, din'd to day at the Black Horse.

13 Wrote to HD. by Isaac Zane Junr .-our Child appears. to be better .-they have Chang d the place of Banishment of our Friends to Winchester , as I understand; Docr. Redman, Enoch Story, Molly Moore, Hannah Catheral, Saml. Sansom, R't. Wain, John Drinker, hear this Morn'g;-Hannah Moore, Betsy and Polly Jervis drank Tea with us, A Carlilse, Abel and Reba. James, Charles West, Betsy Foulk, G. Napper, Reba. Wain, T. Say, Jos. Bowel,J. Bringhurst, Jos. Scott R. Jones, call'd, our Child I hope continues to mend, JD. wrote to HD-a Number of the Inhabitants are moveing out of Town, John Parish call'd this Evening he went with our dear Friends 23 Miles on their journey, and left 'em all well, yesterday Afternoon.

14 First Day. I ommitted mentioning Yesterday, that C. West brought home the Monthly Meeting Book, and rough Minets, which Timothy deliverd up to him-we took our Child to the Front of the House as we have frequently done since his illness, in order to air his Room; and by that means had an oppertunity of seeing the number of Waggons, Drays, and other Carriages which past; it took of that Solemn appearance that this day ought to ware;- Sally, Nancy and Billy went to Meeting this Morning ED. SD. AD. WD. in the Afternoon; it is say'd that G. Howe is at Chester, and that G. Washington has left this City and cross'd Schullkill this day; M Story informs us, that our best Friend &c lodg'd last night at Pots Grove-...

15, I have heard no News from abroad this Morning but Carriages constantly passing with the Inhabitants going away-My poor little Henrys Bowels comes down in a frightfull manner, red, Bloody and inflam'd; his stools are bitter, his appitite craveing, but the Fever continues-Iast night I heard of several Friends having lost their Horses, taken from the Stables,-for which reason I ordred our Horse, and Cow to be put into the Washhouse, where they at present remain-several of my Sisters in Affliction, have this Day received Letters from their Husbands, I make no doubt but I should also have had one, but for some good reason; I have [however] the satisfaction to hear that my dear is well great talk of a Habeas-[Corpus] and of our Friends haveing a hearing:-the manner, or the Men employ'd, or something, or other, I hardly know what, prevents my haveing the pleasure in it, that some others express; I trust it will please the Almighty to order all for the best-I have heard from 2 or 3 to day, that the Church Bells, are taking down, the Bridge over Schullkill taken, up, and the Ropes across the Ferrys cut-&c -call'd to see us this day: Reba. Waln, Joseph and James Bringhurst Doctor, C. West, Dr. Cooper, Hannah Morris, John & Rachel Drinker Thos. Masterman, Saml. Smith, Saml. Hopkins, Jos. Scott, Mary Armitt, Sally Logan, Sarah Fisher , Reba. Jones, 0. Jones, Nics. Wain, Jos. Richardson, the latter of which, informs; that one of the Waggons that took our Friends; has this Afternoon return'd empty.

16 I read a letter this Morning from my HD to JD-our Stable seller was last Night broak open, and several of Jos. Scotts Barrels of Flour stolen-I rote to my HD. this Morning by Nisbet--0ur child seem'd better, this forenoon, but more unwell towards Evening a great weight upon my Spirits most of this day: Nancy and little Molly both complaining-this is a Sickly season, many taken down with Fevers. May it please kind Providence to preserve my dearest Husband-...

17 Clouds, wind and Rain all Day, I take it to be the Equinoctial Storm. -I understand that our dear Friends mett with a very disagreeable reception at Reding-little Henry very poorly-...

18 this Day has been spent as usual chiefly in the Chamber with our Child, who I think I may say is now better, 'tho 'till this day I could scarcely say so but where is his dear Father, or how situate'd; at times my thoughts are hard to bare, and at other Times I am greatly favour'd and suported-James Hutchens &c who went out with design for Reading, found they could not proceed on account of great freshes, and return'd last Eveng-Saml. Shutt din'd here, I pay'd him one half Jos. for 2 1/2 Cord Oak Wood-Aunt Jervis and Betsy drank tea with us, J. Drinker and Rachel here in the Evening Docr. Redman, John Parrock, SI. Smith S & H. Jones; the Childs Body came down very badly this Evening which it frequently has done lately-it has cleared up finaly after the Storm, and is now a Serene Butifull Night.

19 Jenny awoke us this Morning about 7 o'clock, with the News that the English were near; we find that most of our Neighbors and almost all the Town have been up since one in the Morning The account is that the British Army cross'd the [S]weeds-Foard last night, and are now on their way heather; Congress, Counsil &c are flown, Boats, Carriages, and foot Padds going off all Night; Town in great Confusion;-But just now, (about noon) I am inform'd that the above report arose from 2 or 3 of the English light-Horse, having been seen recogniting the Foard; a note from E Story, letting me know of an Oppertunity of writeing to my Henry by Levi Hollensworth this Evening.-I accordingly wrote--the Town very still this Evening and very much thin'd of its Inhabitance...

20 The Town has been very quiet all this day, I believe; it is said that Washingtons Army has cross'd the Foard and are at present on this side-- some expect a battle hourly; as the English are on the opposite side-I received a Letter this Evening from my dear, a long letter- J Drinker also received one--dated the 17 Instant they were then at Reading-all the boats, Ferry boats excepted, are put away-and the Shiping all ordred up the River, the next tide, on pain of being burnt, should G. Howes Vesels approach-Our Child very low and unwell this Evening-Weather Cloudy; little Molly disordred in her Bowels-...

21. First Day. MS. SD. AD. WD. went to meeting this morning The Child appears to be better again-After meeting, Sam. Emlen and Wife, Becky Jones and S Swett call'd-Sammy read aloud my dear Henrys long letter of the 17th Instant and was very much affected thereby .-after which we had a setting togeather, and Sammy was led to speak comfort to us.-In the After- noon ED. SD. AD. WD. went to Meeting, which was silent-James Hutchinson call'd this morning with a Letter from Saml. Pleasants to his Wife dated the 18 wherein my dear gives his love to us:-this Evening our little sick Son received a letter from his dear Father, which is well worth the store he sits by it, he has ordred it to be put in his Pocket-Book Wile he larns to read writeing-...-we have been favour'd with quiateness all this day;-rain this Afternoon prehaps our dear Friends are this day moveing further from us.

22 Molly Pleasants came from her Sister this morning to tell us of an oppertunity to Reading, and as the person was to set off, in less than half an hour, J Drinker who came in, wrote to my Henry, for himself and us-We are inform'd this Evening that they left Reading Yesterday Morning but no perticulars of their treatment. Nanny Oat call'd to day, to demand her freedom dues, and was very impertinent and Saucy-Jenny carried our sick Child this Afternoon up stairs, down in the Parlour, and in the Nursery, for the first time, he can't yet stand, alone, but I hope he is mending. very unwell myself to day. with pain in my back and Head-Sister poorly-many flying reports of various kinds to day but we know not what to depend Upon; they have been taking Blankets, Coverlids &c to day from many of the Inhabitance-...

23. J.D. wrote a Compy. Letter this Morning to our dear Henry-by Levi Hollandsworth-ED. AD. WD. went to Meeting, it is our Monthly Meeting where my dear was mist, and thought on by many-Wm. Brown appeard in Testimony recommending Faith and Patience with respect to chooseing proper persons to transact the business of the Church &c S. Hopkins appeared he had to Mention something relating to Our dear absent Friends.-Billy informs me, that the Clarks business devolved upon Abel James, S Smith and T. Scattergood-Our dear Child has walk'd several times across the Room, with Jennys help to day. those men that collected Blankets &c in our Ward, were this Afternoon at each of our Neighbours, but did not call on us. it is reported and gains credit, that the English have actually cross'd Schuylkill and are on their way towards us,-I received two letters after meeting from my dear Husband; which at the same time that they made my Heart ake, gave me comfort,-many have had their Horses taken from them, this afternoon, some going one way and some another; it is likily from the present prospect of things, that we shall have a Noisey Night, tho' at this time 9 o'clock I hear nothing like it, but we living back and retired escape many hurries, that others are expos'd to; all the Bells in the City are certainly took away, and there is talk of Pump handles and Fire-Buckets being taken also, but that may be only conjecture; things seem upon the whole to be drawing towards great confusion, May we be strengthen'd and suported in the time of tryal-I have had a bad spell of the sick Head-Ake this afternoon it still continues uneasy-...the Atsion Black Smiths Brother call'd yesterday to know, if an account which he had heard, was true, viz that all the Men at the Works were taken up and confin'd, G. James has heard nothing of such matter .

24. Sister all Day bad with the Head Ake, little Henry much better-Josa. Fishers Goods, and others, taken from them, by order of G. Washington. Goods taken from Wm. Lippencot and others from the Substitute fine, return'd to the owners, they continue pressing Horses-Sister and HD. set up last Night, 'til 12 o'clock, as did many others in the City; Cannon plac'd in some of the Streets-the Gondelows along the Warfs, the latter gone of to Day tis say'd with Fishers Goods &c-the report continues of the English approaching us, but know not what to believe, the Sign (Over the Way) of G . Washingn. taken down this Afternoon-talk of the City being set on fire Joseph Ingel, call'd to pay, for 2 or 3 Tonns of Hay, but as I had not my Husbands papers, could not receive the money-Neigr. Buckleys gone off, We heard this Evening that our dear Friends, were arrived at Lebanon all well-...-Little Molly not very well.

25 this has been so far, a day of great Confusion in the City, tho with respect to ourselves we have experienc'd no injury and but little fright; set asside the consideration of the situation of him we love;-Enoch Story (to whome I pay'd 3 half Joes by my dear Henrys order) this morning, was the first that inform'd us, that the English were within 4 or 5 miles of us, we have since heard they were by John Dickinsons place; they are expected by some this Evening in the City-most of our warm people are gone of, tho there are many continue here that I should not have expected. Things seem very quiate and still, and if we come of so, we shall have great cause of thankfullness--should any be so wicked as to attempt fireing the Town, Rain which seems to be coming on, I may Providentially, prevent it-a great number of the lower sort of the People are gone out to them-G. Napper also went, and I hear he brings word back that he spoke to Galloway, who told him that the Inhabants must take care of the Town this Night, and they would be in, in the Morning, as it rain'd they fixt within 2 Miles of the City for the Night; it is now near 11 o'clock and has been raining for several hours, which I look upon as a remarkable favour, as tis said that tar'd faggots &c are laid in several out Houses in different parts, with [meschievous] intent;-Numbers mett at the State-House since nine o'clock to form themselves into dfferent Companyes to watch the City, all things appear peaceable at present, the Watch-Men crying the Hour without Molestation,-Sister, Nancy, and Harry sitting up for H Drinr. who is out among the rest;-the Number of the English Troops is not yet assertaind some say-20,000, which I think not very probable;-Our dear little Henrys Shoes and Briches were put on today for the first time since his illness, he cannot walk yet without help.-Jos. Yerkes sent this morning for Billy to tell him, that Nichs Hicks had mett our [Friend] near Lebanon, and his Daddy on Horse-back who gave his love to us, and said he was well; 0! that he was but r with us. ...

26. Well, here are the English in earnest, about 2 or 3000, came in, through second street, without oppossition or interruption, no plundering on the one side or the other, what a satisfaction would it be to our dear Absent Friends, could they but be inform'd of it; our end of the Town has appeard great part of this Day like the first day of the Week-I understand that Barnhill, Hysham, and some others, are taken Up, -it is recommend to the Inhabitance to continu to assist in guading the Town each Night for some time yet Corn Wallace came with those troops to day. Genl. Howe is not yet come in-Richd. Adams, brought me this Afternoon, my Henrys Letter from Potts Grove-...

27 About 9 o'clock this Morning the Province, and Delaware Frigets, with several Gondelows came up the River, with a design to fire on the they were attac'd by a Battry which the English have errected the engagement lasted about half an hour when many shots were exchang'd; one House struck, but not much damaged; no body, that I have heard, hurt on shore; but the people in General, especialy downwards, exceedingly Allarm'd, the Cook on board the Delaware, 'tis said, had his Head shot off, another of the men wounded, She ran a Ground, and by some means took fire, which occasion'd her to strike her Colours, the English immediately boarded her; the others sheard off they took Admiral Allexander and his Men Prisoners-it seems he declar'd, that their intentions were to distroy the Town;-part of this scean we were spectators of, from the little Window in our Loft-We heard to day of the death of poor Meriam LaMar , who lost his life with many others, of Gen. Vaynes Bragade, over Schuylkill,-Billy went this forenoon with Neigr. Bowel and his Son, to their [place]. he return'd in the Afternoon-little Henry walk'd alone several times to day, but had two falls-...

28 First Day: Sister and the Children went to Meeting this Morning this is our Yearly Meeting, and many more Friends in Town than could have been expected, the Situation of things considred,-not one from Jersey-Robt. Vallintine, Wm. Mathews, and Benin. Townsend, the latter from York County, din'd with us; after dinner Johnny Drinker, Reba. James, Sarah Carry and her Neighr. Watson came in while we were setting in Silence.-the three Men Frds. had each something to say, tho but short; ED. and the Children went to meeting in the Afternoon.-Joshua Baldwin and Debby Morris drank Coffee with us. Sally Penington, S. Swett, K. Howell call'd. Our little Henry taken off his feet again by a pain in his Hams. I fear he has caught some cold-the Weather is cold for the time of year-I hear this Evening that they are building Battrys on the Jersey shore, opposite Arch and Market Streets. The Ameriacans I mean.

29 Went with the 3 Children to Meeting this Morning Silent Meeting-S. Swett din'd with us, S. Logan drank Coffee--...-some Officers are going about this day Numbering the Houses, with chalk on the Doors--a Number of the [Citysans) taken up, and imprison'd,...-reinstated our Horse & Cow,-Received part of a Cord Wood of A.James--G. James call'd.

30 Sister and the Children went to Meeting in the Morn'g and Afternoon; ... two Widdows who live near Winchester in Virginia, who call'd kindly to see us, that in case they should see our dear HD, they might have to say that they had been to his House-Becky James Junr. (Jessy Waterman, who appear'd in Testimony at meeting this Morning) Joseph Scott, Doctor likewise call'd to see us. Sucky and Hannah Jones came to tell us of the arrival of our Friends in Carlisle last fourth day, but could not inform us who brought the intillegence, ...,-Abel James and Family are come to Town, thinking it more safe to be here, as a Number of the Americans are skulking near and about Frankford-Old Joshua Gibson, whose Son lives at Ashbridges Mill, was last Week taken from thence, by one Horse Man, but was quickly resqu'd by one or 2 of the English light-Horse- Phebe Pemberton has received a Letter from her Husband, dated from Lebanon.

Part II: November 12 to 25, 1777

12 great part of last Night and most of this day at times, we have heard the Cannon below; Mud-Island Battry not yet taken.-they say that it is reported in the Country that 5/- is given here for a Rat: it is bad enough indeed, but far from being so, I trust it will not-Robt. Waln, C.West, and Edwd, Drinkers Widdow, call'd this Morning the latter I sent for, as I had heard she was in want. gave her Beef and Biscuit &c-... Sucky Hartshorn, spent part of the Evening I sent my letter to HD this Morning to Geo. Morgans Wife who expects to go, to day or tomorrow. poor Beef is now sold for 3/- p lb. Veal 4/- Butter 7/6-Chocolate 4/. 6-Brown Sugar 6/- Candles 2/6 Flour what little there is, at 3 p [ ]-Oak Wood as it stands 17/- to 20/ p cord-and scarcely possible to get it cut or Haul'd-We are told that our Friends J. Parish and J. James, were stop'd on the other side Schuy kill, and taken to Head-quarters,-but were soon dismist with being told that they should not return to the City.

13. Sister and Sally went out this Morning to D. Drinkers for Bowls, &c, I went this Afternoon to G. Morgans Wife, she has lain in a Month and Sets of tomorrow, with Becky James junr. for Frankford, to stay at Abels place with her Children 'till her Husband comes back from Pittsburgh, where she says he is call'd on exroidanary busyness. call'd on Caleb Carmalt, in my way home, he was here this Evening, I paid him four Dollars to renew the Insureance on our House, J. Drinker here this Evening he tells us that a Company of Soliders have taken possession of our House in Water Street, near Vine Street-Johnny call'd on them, they promis'd to take care that nothing is distroy'd-no news from the Battry; fine clear cool Weather .

14 ...-Heavey fireing this Morning, and at times all day, Nothing of Concequence done,-I went after dinner down to Abels, to see Josey, who is again in his Chamber, took a walk to Uncle Jerviss-drank Tea at John Drinkers, call'd at Neigr. Stiles and at Nr. Walns--JD. here this Evening.

15 ...The fireing to day has been like thunder, comparitevely speaking, from the Vigilant and Sommerset Men of War, on this formidable Mud-Island Battry, which is not yet conquer'd, tho Greatly damag'd,-lI had the great Satisfaction this Evening of receiving two Letters from my dearest Henry, the first I have received from him since he left Reading, he mentions 2 others, wrote before these, that have not come to hand, several since I doubt not,-if I can judge of my dear by his Letters, he is in good Spirits, which thought is pleasing to me, I...

16 First Day: Sister and 3 Children went to meeting this Morning the Children all except Sally who has her Face very much swell'd with the tooth ach, went in the Afternoon; the Mud-Island Battry is at length taken, the Amricans left it last night about 12 o'clock, when it is supos'd the English ware about to storm it; other perticulars I have not yet heard-...Jammy Morton came this Afternoon to inform us of an oppertunity to Winchester tomorrow...

17  J. Drinker , Billy, and myself wrote to day, to our dear HD, at Winchester, ... Neigr. WaIn call'd this Evening, the latter brings us a sorrowful account, that our dear Friend Betsy Waln lays so ill that her life is dispair'd of, her mammy is sent for, but cannot easyly get to her-the British troops are busyly employ'd geting up the Chevaux-de-Frise, cold and raw.

18 ... Saml. Emlen call'd after meeting he read my Henrys letters, seem'd much pleas'd with 'em, spoke Exellently to the Children &c by way of testimony; express'd great regard for their absent Father-Molly Pleasants junr. came to know if I would go with her Sister to visit S. Penington, I sent Harry to know if it suited SP. who brought word that she is not well, we put it of at present-I took a walk this afternoon, to Uncle Jerviss read my HDs Letters to them and Peggy Smith,-came home to Coffee-J. Drinker call'd-Nanny Oat came while I was out, to ask pardon for her former conduct, which has been vastly impudent-the weather clear and cold, English Troops very much taken up, but private in their [movements].

19 Isaac Zane call'd this Morning I pay'd 30 pounds for 4 Loads of Hay, at 8 p load, forty Shillings allowd for a difficiency in one of them-John and Daniel Drinker call'd, they are trying to purchase some Wood for themselves and us--...-G. Corn Walace left this City the Day before Yesterday at 2 o'clock in the Morning with 3000 men, as its said-he was fire'd at, out of a House near Darby, when some of his men rush'd in, and put 2 men to the Sword, and took several others prisoners--he designs for the Jersyes--A Number of the Amaricans were seen this Afternoon in the Jersyes, opposite the City, and in other parts.

20 that 2 men was put to the Sword Yesterday is a mistake, but that one of the English was shot is true, the person who did it made of-it is said, and credited that Red-Bank Battry is taken, the Amrircans left it, and it is thought they have blown it up, they have also, distroy'd one or two of their Vesels-I saw a great Smok[ing] from our little Window-John and Dl. Drinker call'd, the former told me that M. Pleasants had received 2 Letters from her Husband, and that there was one for me, I made some enquirey but could not find mine 'till Evening when Wm. Jackson and Benin. Mason call'd and brought me two letters from my dear Henry-dated the 1 and 11th. Instant-tis a great comfort to know that he was so lately well-they left others litters for us poor women; at 3 several places, at Josa. Pusys at the Grove, at Willmington and at Darby-they thought it best, not to take all, least they should be taken from them-Jos. Scott, Josa. Howel call'd as did Becky Jones--Wm. Jackson gave me a Letter from my dear to G. Churchman, with an account of their situation-We have a small quarter of Beef, came home to day-spaird us by Nr. Stiles, I went to bed very sick at my Stomach, as I have frequently been laterly, with a Vomiting-little Molly has had a bad cough for several Weeks.

21St. I was awaken'd this Morning befor 5 o'clock by the loud fireing of Cannon, my Head Aching very badly; All our Family was up but little Molly, --and a fire made in the Parlor, more then an hour before day-all our Neighbours were also up, and I believe most in Town- The Amricans had set their whole Fleet on fier, except one Small vesel and some of the Gondelows, which past by the City in the Night; the fireing was from the Delaware who lay at Coopers Point, on the Gondelows, which they did not return; Billy counted 8 different Vessels on fire at once in sight, one lay near the Jersey shore, opposite our House; we heard the explosion of 4 of 'em when they blew up, which shook our Windows greatly-We had a fair sight of the blazeing Fleet, from our upper Windows.-We have heard this Morning of Skirmishing in many places, at the Black-Rorse on Frankford road, and in different parts of the Jersyes.-Isaac Wharton, with another man, call'd, to tell me, that his Brother Thos. had mention'd in a Letter to him a sum of mony, lent to an Hessian Officer a prisoner, in Virginia, by my HD. &c. that 2 half Joes was coming to me, which David Franks was to pay, and he intended to call on him for it.-An inferior Hessian Officer, an elderly man who lodges at the Bakers next door, insisted on putting his Horse in our Stable, which I refus'd, he came in this morn'g and ask'd for Harry. I call'd him into the Parlor; he either could not, or pretended he could not understand English; but told Harry in Dutch that he must and would put his Horse in our Stable. A. James who came in some time after, was kind enough to go to Jos. Galloway and get a few lines from him, which he took in next door, and had some talk with them, which I hope will settle the matter; J Drinker, Danl. Drinker Jos. Bringhurst and Becky Jones were also here before Dinner-C. West Saml. Smith and Reba. Wain, the last came late in the Evening she is afraid to go to Bed, as there is talk of Washingtons making an attack or the City before Morning- this has been a Day repleat with events, very hazey weather, my Head Achs.

22 Fireing again this Morning Cannon and small arms,-an Amrican Schooner burnt in our river this morning by the English, partly oppsite our House- An Earthquack was felt this Morning between 7 & 8 o'clock, by a great number of the inhabitans, not one in our Family was sensible of it-these are tremendous times indeed-there has been Skirmishing to day several times between the Amercians and the Picquet Guards and tis said 7 or 8 have lost their lives,-five Vessels have turn'd the Point this Afternoon--0ne thousand Men, attack'd the Picquet guard this Morning about 11 o'clock, they drove them off, when some took Shelter in J. Dickensons House, and other Houses thereabouts, the English immeadatly set fire to said Houses and burnt them to the Ground,-the burning those Houses tis said is a premeditated thing, as they serve for skulking places; and much anoy the Guards. They talk of 0, burning all the Houses &c within four miles of the City, without the lines Dickensons House; that in which C. Tomson liv'd, Jon. Mifflins, Widdow Crawstons, and many others were burnt this Afternoon-R. Wain and Wife, Josa. Rowel and several others, went on top of our House to day, where they could see the Houses burning, and the Ships coming up-those two days past have been big with events, and Alarms; 'till now, we have experienc'd great quiate since the English came in, I have heard the Noise of a Drum, but twice since they came,-R Waln was ask'd in Market within this day or two 30 s-- for a very small Turkey; Butter 12 s-- I gave 3 half Joes to day for 60 Conti[nental money]...

23 First Day: Sister and the 4 Children at Meeting this Morning myself with them in the afternoon, Wm. Jackson came home with us after meeting, he, J. Drinker, S Swett and D Drinker drank Coffee with us---after which, we had a setting togeather, when Wm. was led to speak encourageingly to us---...-William Jackson proposes, paying a visit to Winchester next month, he leaves Town tomorrow Morning I gave him this Afternoon 61. 11. 3. Continenl. Cury .-and 2 pair of worsted Stockings for my dear Henry- The Widdow Crawtsons House said to be burnt yesterday proves a mistake, its said is burnt to the Ground, all that was in it-H. Catheral just now informs me that D. Williams is not burnt, but that, the Widw. Taylors, John Byards, and A. Hodges are burnt, with many small out Houses, Barns, &c-I have just heard that poor Docr. Kersley died lately in Carlile jail. wrote a Letter this night after the Family was retir'd to rest, to my dear Henry.

24 Wm. Jackson call'd this Morning to let me know, that he was not free to take the continental money with him, I must therefore seek another conveyance, I took a Walk to Mary Pembertons, Billy with me, to alter that part of my letter concerning the money-a number of Friends there-... it is an agreeable sight to see the Warfes lin'd with Shippin, and number has come up to day- the poor people have been allow'd for some time past to go to Frankford Mill, and other Mills that way, for Flour, Abraham Carlile who gives them passes, has his Door very much crouded every morning-Gen. CornWallace is said to be in the Jersys, some say that he has taken a number of Prisoners, others say this afternoon, that he is taken himself &c-we know not what to believe-I saw a general Letter to day from Winchester sign'd by Thos. Fisher, with a line in my dear Henry writeing; giving an account of his Wellfare.

25 Sister and the 4 Children went to Monthly meeting. Rachl. Hunt came home with 'em and din'd and stay'd all the Afternoon. Dr. Moore drank Coffee with us, S. Hartshorn came over this Morning to go on the top of our House to see the Fleet come up; 2 or 3 twenty Gun Ships and a great number of Smaller Vessels came up today-Becky Jones, Robt. Waln and Billy Compton call'd-We have seen fire and Smoak in several places in the Jersys to day, it is said that Gloster is Burnt, and several Houses in Woodberry-We were very much affrighted this Evening before 9 o'clock, Jenney happen'd to go into the Yard, where she saw a Man with Ann-she came in and wisper'd to Sister, who immediately went out, and discoverd a Young Officer with Ann coming out from the little House, Sister held the Candle up to his Face and ask'd him who he was, his answer was whats that to you, the Gate was lock'd and he followd Ann and Sister into the Kitchen, where he swore he had mistaken the House, but we could not get him out,-Chalkley James who happen'd to be here, came into the Kitchen and ask'd him what busyness he had there he dam'd him and ask'd whats that to you, shook his Sword, which he held in his Hand and seem'd to threaten, when Chalkly with great resolution twisted it out of his Hands and Collor'd him-Sister took the Sword from Chalkly and lock'd it up in the draw in the parlor, all his outcry was for his Sword, and swore he would not stir a foot untill he had it. I then sent in for Josa. Howel, when he declar'd that he knew we were peaceable people, and that he gave up his Sword on that account out of pure good natur'd, which he had said to us before. he told Chalkley in the Kitchen that he would be the death of him tomorrow, -Josa. got him to the door, and then gave him his Sword, expecting he would go of, but he continu'd swaring there, where Josa. left him and went to call Abel James; in the mean time the impudent Fellow came in again swareing in the entry with the Sword in his hand. Sister had lock'd Chalkly up in the Middle Room, and we shut ourselves in the parlor, where he knock'd, and swore desireing entrance, our poor dear Children was never so frightend, to have an enrag'd, drunken Man, as I believe he was, with a Sword in his Hand swareing about the House, after going to or 3 times up and down the Entry, desireing we would let him in to drink a Glass of Wine with us--he went to the end of the Alley-when Harry lock'd the Front door on him, he knock and desir'd to come in, when J. Howel, and A James whome Josa. had been for, came to him, they had some talk with him, and he went off as I supose'd-I had all the back doors boulted, the Gate and Front door lock'd, when in about 10 minuts after Harry came out of the Kitchen, and told us he was there I then lock'd the parlor door, and would not let Chalkley go out, Harry run into Howels for Josa. who did not come 'till some time after the Fellow was gone, and Ann with him he came over the Fence, and they went out the same way; 'tis not near one in the Morning and I have not yet recoverd the fright,-Ann call'd him Capt. Tape, or John Tape-Henry Drinker and C. James lodges here.

Part III: December 9 to 11, 1777

9 ...things seem to ware but an unpromissing appearance at present. but the absence of my dear Husband is worse to me than all the rest put togeather- Nothing will pass at this time, unless with a Few , but Gold & Silver, which is hard upon those who have a quantity of the old paper Money, by them; the fence of Boards &c round our House in water Street, is pull'd down, and I suppose burnt;-Sally Howard and two of her Daughters came here this Evening she came from the Jersys this Afternoon, and brought us a Bottle of Snuff from Betsy Waln, who is much recover'd of her late indispossion- Neigr. Waln sent a Horse and Chaise here this afternoon to put into our Stable, which Pattersons 2 Sisters came with, from Bristol-C James & Tommy lodges here again to Night, as H Drinker is gone a Forageing-I wrote to my dear Henry to day, by [I.] Star of Willmington; who goes out of Town tomorrow.

l0th. I took a walk this Morning Sally with me to M. Pleasants, who is unwell up stairs, calld at Uncles, came home to dinner-I spent this Afternoon with Lydia Gillpin, went first to Thos. Fishers, but she was gone out-call'd in my way home at J. Drinkers-...

11 Catty Howell came in to show us, some things that she had purchas'd, Sister went out upon the Strength of it and bought a piece of Lennen &c, its a long time since we have done such a thing-goods will soon be plenty in all probobility, nothing but hard mony will pass; 40 or 50 Sail below with goods: A Vessel run on the Chevaux de Prize [lately] with a Cargo, worth 40,000 pounds, made a hole in her botton and sunk:-Myself Sally and Nancy, spent this Afternoon at Josa. Fishers Betty read her Brother Sammys Letter giveing an account of the scarcety of Salt there-where 36 Bushel Wheat is given for one Bushel and 300 weight of pork for like quantity Isaac Zane call'd here this Morning to see us. he is going to Winchester to see our dear Frds. he takes no letters, I sent by him a under Jacket and pair Gloves, and lap a letter up in them from Billy-Sally Logan and Chalkley James drank Tea with Sister , Molly Foulk and her Daughter Betsy, John Drinker call'd; at near 10 o'clock this Evening who should come in but Richd. Waln, he came from New York in a Vesel with a number of others,-he's harty and well-these are sad times for Thiveing & plundering, tis hardly safe to leave the door open a minuet-Danl. Drinker was lately offronted by an Officer; a number of Friends to Gouvernment about the Country have lately been plunder'd and ill used by the British Troops. things ware a very gloomy aspect at this present time.

Part IV: December 15-19, 1777

15th. last night about I11 o'clock when we were going to Bed, we saw 2 Soliders in the Ally, standing by the Fence, we went down Stairs again, and into the Yard, ask'd Harry aloud if John and Tom were yet in Bed, Harry answered yes, Sister ordr'd him to untye the Dog and then come in; while we were contriving in this manner down stairs, Jenney saw them, from my Room Window, move off with a large Bundel which she took to be a Bed,-after we had been in Bed about an hour we heard a great Noise in the Alley. Janey Sister and the Children ron to the Window, and saw the Baker next door rolling up the Alley in his Shirt only a little red Jacket the rest of his Family with him; we did not discover the cause of the uprore untill this Morning when we found the Baker had been rob'd of some of his Wifes cloths &c- which we supose was the Bundle the Fellows went off with some time before-- I wrote this Morning to my dear, Sister took the Letter, with one that she had wrote Yesterday herself, to Mary Eddys, who objected to mine, as I had mention'd the arrival of W D Smith, it was what I had some thoughts of myself, and approv'd of her bringing it back; Peggy York call'd this Morning with a Letter which she had received from her Husband, from London, acknowledging the kindness he had received from Pigou and Booth, in consiquence of a Letter from James and Drinker, for which he returns thanks. she had on the highest and most rediculeous Headdress that I have yet seen- Polly Reynolds, formerly Ritche, with 2 other Woman call'd before dinner, she is here to solicit the General on account of her Husband, who has been a Prisoner in the Jersyes, ever since last Christmass; S. Swett and J Drinker call'd before dinner. I took a walk with Sally, to E. Jerviss and hir Neigr. Betsy Smiths they were both in trouble on account of Oifficers who had been there and threatned to quarter themselves on them-...Henry Drinker tells us this Even'g that W D Smith has been call'd before the General to day.-Friends have had several meetings lately, and have agree'd to send Orders to Sundry Merchants &c in London for a Cargo of provisions and Coal, as from the present prospect, the Inhabitance will stand in need of such a Supply-the Oifficers and Soliders are quartering upon the Families [Generaly]. one with his Servant are to be fixt at J. Howells, I am in daily expecttation of their calling on us. they were last night much frightned at Isaac Catherals, by a Solider, who came into the House,-drew his Bayonet on Isaac, and behav'd very disorderly,-Anthony Morris, Son of Samuel, said to be dangerously wounded.

16th. Saml. Clark, and Vincent Bonsel call'd, the latter from Willmington with a mesage from B. Woodcock, that he can purchase Flour for us at 35/ p [ ] in Conti. if we can contrive the manner of bringing it away...

17 Charles West, Daniel Drinker and Neigr Stiles call'd; I drank Tea at Neigr. Walns, Jessy Walns Wife and Jenny Hartshorn came their this Afternoon, from Millford, Robt. sent the Horse to our Stable, as he had done once before,-Jessy's Wife informs me, that Joseys Drinkers Family is well, that he has had lately, taken from him, his Waggon, a Horse and our Mare,-Hannah Drinker's near lying in.

18th. we have had dull weather for 3 days-S Swett drank tea with us, Richd. WaIn sup'd with us-J Drinker brought me a Litter from my dear, and Betsy Smith sent her little girl with a letter from her Husband with a few lines from my Henry, Ezekeil Edwards is returnd from Winchester, I have not seen him, but am told that he brings very disagreeable intillegence, that he has heard it hinted that there is a design of sending our dear Friends to Stanton, which would be sorrowful indeed, should it so happen, but it may not,-An Oifficer who calls himself Major Carmon or Carmant, call'd this Afternoon, to look for Quarters for some Oiffecer of distinction, I plead off, he would have preswaded me that it was a necessary protiction at these times to have one in the House; said I must consider of it, that he would call in a day or two, I desir'd to be excus'd, and after some more talk we parted, he behaved with much politeness, which has not been the case at many other places; they have been very rude and impudent at some houses,-I wish I may come of so; but at same time fear we must have some with us, as many Friends have them, and it seems likely to be a general thing. This has been a trying day to my Spirits-E. Edwards had a number of Letters stolen from him, which was for I us poor destitutes. I have just finish'd a Letter to my dearest tis now past 12 o'clock, and Watch has put me in a flutter, by his violent barking, as if some one was in the Alley, which I believe was the case--hail since Night.

19. Rd. Waln, Jacob Shoemaker, and Abey Parish call'd this Morning the latter very sick while she was here, Sister went out to know how Polly Pleasants and her Mother had manag'd the matter, they have had their Doors mark'd with respect to takin in Officers, they had been to Jos. Galloway; but  E. Story seem likely to settle the matter with the quarter Master General one Roberson-while Sister was out, Major Cramond came to know if I had cunsulted any of my Friends upon the matter, I told him that my sister was out on that Busyness, that I expect'd that we who were at present 'lone women, would be excus'd, he said he fear'd not, for tho I might put him of (as it was for himself he apply'd to me) yet as a great number of the Forign Troops were to be quarterd in this Neighborhood, he believ'd they might be troublesom; we had a good deal of talk about the Mal Behaveour of the British officers, which he by no means justify'd, I told him how I had been frightend by the Officer, that thief like stole my servant girl over the Fence, and of many other perticulars of their bad conduct that had come to my knowledge; he said That Yesterday I had told him what sort of a Man, would suit in my Family, if I was oblidged to take any, that he was concious some of those, qualities were his, (which were early hours and little Company &c) that there was very few of the Officers he could recommend, that Mr. Galloway knew him very well; that he would call again tomorrow to know my mind further-so went off;-I am straitend how to act, and yet determind; I may be troubld with others much worse, for this Man appears much of the Gentleman, but while I can keep clear of them, I intend so to do-they have taken up part of several Houses, mark'd the Doors of others against their consent, and some of the Inhabitance have look'd out for Officers of reputation (if any such there be) to come into their Families, by way of protection, and to keep of others-Becky Waln junr. pick'd up 2 Letters for me to day from my dear, old dates, but welcome to me as they add to my valueable treasure; ...E Story call'd this Evening says he thinks he shall be able to get us, whose Husbands are gone from us, clear of the mellitary Gentlemen-he says they are much chagrin'd at the difficulty they find in getting quarters, and the cool reception they have men with, or something to that effect-that several Young Noble-Men are at this time oblidg'd to sleep at Taverns, on board Ships or in the Redoubt&-for which I think they may in great measure thank themselves, tho' at same time it appears to me that there was a backwardness, shown towards them, prehaps too much in the beginning-we are told this evening, that, Owen Joness Family have been very ill used indeed, by an Officer who wanted to quarter himself, with many others on them, he drew his Sword, us'd very abusive language, and had the Front Door split in pieces &c.-Mary Eddy has some with her, who they say will not suffer her to make use of her own Front Door, but oblidges her and her family to go up and down the Alley-Molly Foulk has been affronted and so has many other&-we have come of as yet wonderfully well,-my resolution and fortitude has fail'd me much of late; my dear Henrys absence, and the renew'd fears on his account with the sittuation we are in hear and thoughts of our dear Children, my health but very midelleing; all togeather seems at times hard to bear up against;-Lord C. Wallace has embark'd for England, which occasions various conjectture- Lord Howe going to New York,-Gen. Howe intends its said to winter with us,-I hope he is a better man, than some people think him. it has cleard up very cold, tis now between 12 and one o'clock, high time for me to go to Bed, tho I seem sleepless.

Part V: December 29-31, 1777

29 very clear and cold, Cramond here this morning, we have at last agreed on his coming to take up his aboud with us, I hope it will be no great inconvenience, tho I have many fears, he came again in the Afternoon with a servant to look at the Stable, stay'd Tea, Thos. Masterman also, C. West and Reba. Waln here, the Troops are all return'd from Forageing-tis now 19 days since the date of my dears last letter; my mind is greatly troubled.

30 ...Major Cramond took up his aboad with us to day; one servant is to be with him here, two others he has boarded at our Neighr. Well's in the Alley, he has 2 Horses and [?] Cows which are to be put in our Stable ...

3lst. J. Cramond who is now become one of our Family, appears to be a thoughtful sober young man, his Servant also sober and orderly; which is a great favour to us-...a number of Vessels run ashore the Ice being in the way-they were set on fire, I know not by which party; I am fearful something disagreeable is going on, by the many mesages sent this Evening to J.C....